SERGEI EISENSTEIN (1898–1948) was a Soviet filmmaker, writer and director. He was born in Latvia and began studies at the Petrograd Institute of Civil Engineering. He left school to offer his services to the Bolshevik revolution. In this capacity he made the extraordinary films The Battleship Potemkin and October, which showed off his pioneering use of montage. His fame led to not infrequent tours around the world, and on his return to the Soviet Union where he would take up a teaching post in 1933, now under Stalinist rule, he was treated with mistrust by the regime. Though he would go on to make two of his most masterful works, Alexander Nevsky and Ivan the Terrible, his career was severely hampered by censorship and the grip of Stalinism. He died in 1948, and his memoirs, Immoral Memories, were not published until after Stalin's death in 1953.
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